What It Takes to Be a Milaero Supplier, Part 3

Reading time ( words)


The decision to pursue military and aerospace (milaero) certification impacts every facet of the organization, and not every shop is prepared to make this transformation. This is the third article in a four-part series, breaking down what it takes in sales and customer service, engineering and CAM, purchasing and quality, and manufacturing. Part 3 will explore what it takes to be a milaero supplier in the areas of purchasing and quality.

Purchasing Impact

Purchasing is perhaps the most critical business process as far as the milaero industry is concerned. Normally, the processes examined during AS9100 surveillance audits are rotated so that the entire QMS is covered over the course of the three-year certification periodexcept purchasing. Purchasing will be audited each and every time, and the auditor will focus on traceability through the entire process from quoting to shipping. The auditor will typically request a number of your aerospace customer POs, which will be comprehensively reviewed for product requirements.

This class of customer will normally have its own specification that can contain anywhere from 10 to 40 pages of quality requirements. This auditor review will entail establishing which quality requirements apply to each order, based on the PO callouts, and then verify that each of them has been addressed (added to the traveler, special customer requirement sheets, test plans, etc.). Many of the quality requirements are “flow down” requirements, meaning that you also need to communicate these requirements to any applicable suppliers. The part-number travelers will be reviewed for process accuracy, proper signoff, and raw material traceability along with any inspection and test reports. The auditor will verify that not only has this been done, but they will look for evidence that the suppliers have met the requirements. The process for MIL-PRF-31032 will be the same stringent review of military customer POs.

ASC image 1.JPG

Another interesting requirement with aerospace products is the requirement regarding nonconforming material. Typical practice with PCB fabricators is to mark each nonconforming scrap PCB with an “X” in permanent ink, which are referred to as X-outs. Aerospace requires that companies take an extra step, no pun intended, by requiring: “Product dispositioned for scrap shall be conspicuously and permanently marked, or positively controlled, until physically rendered unusable.” This can be accomplished in a number of ways as long as the PCB will no longer be functional.

Quality Impact

Aerospace products require some additional documentation, such as AS9102 first article inspection reports. While companies normally perform first article inspections, this version is considerably more detailed and comprehensive. Many organizations task the quality team to participate in the contract review process and be responsible for the review and implementation of customer quality requirements on each order.

MIL-PRF-31032 orders are where the impact on quality is extremely high in more than one area. Microsectioning is absolutely the most taxing to the quality department and often requires additional personnel to handle the workload. Many commercial shops utilize an AQL sample methodology with regard to microsection frequency. Military orders require a 200% microsection frequency (one each in the X- and Y-axis per panel), plus numerous other sections for solderability and thermal shock testing. Further, most shops perform in-process plating sections for process control on military orders as additional copper thickness is often required.

There are also special Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) reporting that needs to be done for military orders. Special inspection forms need to be completed for each order, and coupons from the most complex military products produced each month must be sent out to an approved third-party lab for analysis. Each traveler must be reviewed for accuracy and reconciliation of build quantities (number started, shipped, scrapped. and reworked). All of the above become part of an annual report that must be submitted to the DLA for review and approval.

ASC image 2.JPG

The organization must also establish a technical review board (TRB) that meets regularly to review the performance of the company. The responsibilities of the TRB are closely scripted and include the approval of all changes, new suppliers, the review of performance metrics, any new technology added onto military products, the number of military orders produced and inspection results, and the results of the third-party lab inspections.


In these two departments, becoming a milaero manufacturer changes the game significantly, adding new processes and a much higher degree of complexity when dealing with milaero orders. Milaero products demand some of the most technically challenging PCBs in the industry and, in many cases, will require the expansion of your staff. Part 4 will explore what it takes in the area of manufacturing.

Editor’s Note: Read Part 1, Part 2 and Part 4.

Anaya Vardya is president and CEO of American Standard Circuits. Vardya is also co-author of The Printed Circuit Designer’s Guide to… Fundamentals of RF/Microwave PCBs and Flex and Rigid-Flex Fundamentals. Visit I-007eBooks.com to download these and other free, educational titles.


Suggested Items

Intel Joins DARPA’s Space-BACN to Accelerate Inter-Satellite Communications

10/12/2022 | Intel
The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has selected Intel for Phase 1 of the Space-Based Adaptive Communications Node (Space-BACN) program, which aims to create a low-cost, reconfigurable optical communications terminal that will translate information between diverse satellite constellations.

Catching Up With Alpha Circuit’s Prashant Patel

04/05/2022 | Dan Beaulieu, D.B. Management Group
There is plenty of evidence that the American PCB industry is going through a revitalization. While a few new companies are being established, others are being rejuvenated as investors gain more interest and confidence in domestic PCB companies. I reached out to Prashant Patel, owner and president of Alpha Circuit I LLC in the greater Chicago area. I wanted to hear about his investment and the unique path he took to owning a PCB shop.

James Webb Space Telescope en Route to Discover Origins of the Universe, Study Exoplanets

01/06/2022 | Thales
A joint program between NASA and its counterparts in Europe (ESA) and Canada (CSA), Webb will observe the beginnings of our Universe by reaching back in time to just a few hundred million years after the Big Bang. It will also observe exoplanets – planets outside the Solar System – that are comparable to our own, as well as the formation and evolution of stars and galaxies. The ultimate aim of this successor to the iconic Hubble space telescope is to discover galaxies that reach back to the relative beginnings of the Universe. This state-of-the-art time machine is expected to revolutionize all aspects of modern astronomy. It will unveil the hidden side of the Universe, namely stars enveloped in clouds of dust, molecules in the atmosphere of other worlds, and the light issuing from the first stars and galaxies.

Copyright © 2022 I-Connect007 | IPC Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.